17-10-2023 - Tips & Guides

A Guide to Turkish Toilets: Alaturka and Alafranga Facilities

Turkey, a country known for its rich history and vibrant culture, can indeed surprise tourists with its unique approach to restroom facilities. Two main types of toilets are commonly found in Turkey: the traditional "alaturka" and the Western-style "alafranga" toilets, providing visitors with a distinctive bathroom experience.

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Introduction to Turkish Toilets

Turkish toilets, an integral part of Turkish culture, often present a unique and intriguing experience for visitors. This section provides an introduction to Turkish toilets, including the two main types, Alaturka and Alafranga Toilets, and the cultural aspects that make using them a distinctive experience for tourists.

Understanding the Two Types: Alaturka and Alafranga Toilets

In Turkey, two primary types of toilets are prevalent, each with its unique design and cultural significance:

Alaturka Toilets


Also known as squat toilets, Alaturka Toilets are traditional Turkish toilets. They require users to squat over a hole in the ground. The design emphasizes minimal contact with the toilet surface, which is considered more hygienic by local standards. To use these toilets, one typically needs to remove their shoes and pants, squat over the hole, and flush with water from a hose. Below you will find more information about Alaturka Toilets, how to use them, and much more information you may need.

Alafranga Toilets


On the other hand, Alafranga Toilets are Western-style toilets, similar to those commonly found in many other countries. They come with a seat, a flush tank, and a more familiar sitting arrangement. These toilets are becoming increasingly common in urban areas, upscale hotels, and modern facilities. In continuance in this article, you will know everything you need to know about Alafranga toilets in Turkey. 

Toilet Culture in Turkey: A Unique Experience for Tourists

Experiencing Turkish toilets is more than just a practical necessity; it's an opportunity to delve into local culture and customs. Here are some cultural aspects that make using Turkish toilets a unique experience for tourists:

Hygiene and Tradition: Alaturka Toilets emphasize traditional squatting and have cultural roots dating back centuries. This design aligns with local customs and is seen as more hygienic.

The Coexistence of Styles: Turkey's toilet landscape is evolving, with both Alaturka and Alafranga Toilets coexisting. This reflects the country's embrace of modernity while preserving its cultural heritage.

Cultural Connection: Using Turkish toilets offers a connection to Turkish culture and history. Visitors can appreciate the customs and traditions that have shaped this fascinating country.

Cultural Etiquette: Understanding the local customs, such as the disposal of toilet paper in a trash can and washing hands after using the toilet, is a sign of respect for Turkish culture.

Turkish toilets are more than just facilities; they are a reflection of the country's rich history and cultural diversity. Whether you're using a traditional Alaturka Toilet or a modern Alafranga Toilet, it's an integral part of the overall experience when exploring the beauty and heritage of Turkey.

Alaturka Toilets: Traditional and Hygienic

Alaturka toilets, often referred to as "Eastern" toilets, are deeply rooted in Turkish tradition. They are squat toilets, requiring users to squat over a hole in the ground. To use these toilets, you should first remove your shoes and pants, and then assume a squatting position over the hole. A handle on the wall can be used for balance. After completing your business, it's time to flush. The unique aspect of Alaturka Toilets is that they are flushed with water, but not from a conventional tank. Instead, a hose is used to spray water into the hole, ensuring cleanliness.


In Turkey, the traditional Alaturka Toilets offer a unique and distinctive bathroom experience that has been a part of Turkish culture for centuries. While they may seem unfamiliar to many tourists, Alaturka Toilets have several advantages, including a focus on hygiene and a connection to the country's rich history.

Anatomy of Alaturka Toilets: Squat Toilets and Their Benefits

Alaturka Toilets are commonly known as squat toilets due to their distinct design. They consist of a simple arrangement: a hole in the ground and a space where users can squat. Here's a closer look at the components:

The Hole: The central element of Alaturka Toilets is the hole in the ground. It may appear basic, but it's an essential part of the design. This design minimizes contact with the toilet surface, enhancing hygiene.

Squatting Area: Around the hole, there's a designated area for users to squat. This position has a practical purpose – it allows users to maintain a safe distance from the toilet surface.

Wall Handle: Alaturka Toilets often have a handle on the wall to provide support and stability to users while squatting.

The Hygiene Factor: Why Alaturka Toilets Are Still Prevalent

While many parts of the world have adopted Western-style toilets, Alaturka Toilets are still prevalent in Turkey for several reasons, with a primary focus on hygiene. Here's why they continue to be widely used:

Hygiene and Minimal Contact: Alaturka Toilets are considered hygienic due to the minimal contact they involve. Users do not sit on a potentially contaminated surface, reducing the risk of exposure to germs and bacteria.

Cultural Significance: Alaturka Toilets are deeply embedded in Turkish culture and traditions. They are seen as a connection to the past, reflecting the country's rich history.


Efficient Cleaning: These toilets are relatively easy to clean, with no intricate components. They are washed with water after each use, ensuring a high level of cleanliness.

Water Usage: Alaturka Toilets use water for flushing, which can be viewed as a more eco-friendly option compared to Western-style toilets with tanks that consume more water per flush.

Adaptation: While Western-style toilets are becoming more common in Turkey, Alaturka Toilets are still found in many older establishments and public places. Visitors to the country can encounter them in various settings, contributing to a holistic cultural experience.

Alaturka Toilets are not only a testament to Turkey's cultural heritage but also a practical and hygienic choice. They offer unique insights into Turkish customs and continue to be a prevalent part of the country's restroom landscape.

Alafranga Toilets: Modern Comfort with a Twist

On the other hand, Alafranga toilets, also known as "European" toilets, offer a more familiar experience to tourists. These are Western-style toilets, similar to what you'd find in your own home. Using them is straightforward – simply sit down on the seat and carry out your business. Afterward, you can flush the toilet by pressing a flush button, just like you're used to.

Alafranga Toilets

While Turkey's traditional Alaturka Toilets have a special place in its culture, modernity has also made its mark with the introduction of Alafranga Toilets. These Western-style facilities offer a familiar and comfortable restroom experience with a uniquely Turkish twist.

Alafranga Toilets in Turkey: Western-Style Facilities

Alafranga Toilets are Western-style toilets that have gained popularity in Turkey over recent years, providing a more conventional restroom experience for locals and tourists alike. Here's what you need to know about these facilities:

Familiar Design: Alafranga Toilets closely resemble the toilets found in Western countries. They come with a seat, a flush tank, and a more comfortable sitting arrangement.

Increasing Prevalence: While traditional Alaturka Toilets still have a strong presence, Alafranga Toilets are becoming more common in Turkey, particularly in newer buildings, hotels, and restaurants. This shift is driven by the desire to offer a more familiar experience to tourists and to cater to changing preferences.


User-Friendly: Alafranga Toilets are user-friendly, making them a convenient option for those who may not be accustomed to squat toilets. They require no special instructions, as users simply sit down and flush as they would with toilets in their home countries.

Toilet Paper Usage: In Alafranga Toilets, it is acceptable to dispose of toilet paper in the toilet, in contrast to Alaturka Toilets where it is generally thrown into a trash can. This aligns with Western norms and expectations.

The Bidet Nozzle: A Sanitary Twist in Turkish Toilets

One fascinating feature that sets many Alafranga Toilets in Turkey apart is the bidet nozzle. This hygienic twist is a notable addition and adds a distinct Turkish touch to modern restroom facilities:

Bidet Functionality: In addition to the traditional toilet functions, Alafranga Toilets in Turkey often come equipped with a bidet nozzle. This nozzle allows users to clean themselves with a gentle stream of water, promoting enhanced hygiene and comfort.

Hygienic Benefits: The bidet function is highly regarded for its hygienic advantages. It ensures thorough cleansing, reducing the need for excessive use of toilet paper and enhancing personal hygiene.

Adjustable Settings: Users can adjust the water pressure and temperature to their preference, creating a personalized and comfortable experience.

Eco-Friendly Option: The bidet nozzle is considered an environmentally friendly feature, as it reduces the consumption of toilet paper, contributing to a more sustainable and eco-conscious approach to personal hygiene.

Alafranga Toilets with bidet nozzles offer a modern and sanitary twist to the Turkish restroom experience. As Turkey embraces both its cultural traditions and modern conveniences, these Western-style facilities provide a comfortable and familiar option for those seeking modern comforts with a uniquely Turkish touch.

Toilet Etiquette and Hygiene

Understanding toilet etiquette and maintaining proper hygiene while using restrooms in Turkey is essential for a smooth and respectful experience. This section explores some important aspects of restroom etiquette and hygiene practices in the country.


Where to Dispose of Toilet Paper: A Common Turkish Practice

In Turkey, one distinctive aspect of restroom etiquette is the disposal of toilet paper. Here's what you need to know about this common Turkish practice:

Trash Can Usage: Unlike many Western countries where toilet paper is typically flushed down the toilet, in Turkey, it is customary to dispose of used toilet paper in a provided trash can. This practice is rooted in plumbing infrastructure concerns. Turkish pipes are often narrower, and disposing of toilet paper in the trash can helps prevent blockages and plumbing issues.

Respecting Local Customs: While it may be different from what some visitors are used to, it's essential to respect local customs. Ensure that you follow this practice when using both Alaturka and Alafranga Toilets, as it's considered polite and necessary for maintaining proper restroom functionality.

The Hygiene Dilemma: Alafranga Toilets in Public Spaces

While Alafranga Toilets offer a more familiar experience, especially for tourists, there can be a hygiene dilemma when it comes to public restrooms. Here are some considerations:

Public Alafranga Toilets: In public restrooms with Alafranga Toilets, it's important to be prepared. These facilities may vary in cleanliness, and it's advisable to carry your own supply of toilet paper and hand sanitizer in case they are not readily available.


Maintaining Hygiene: Given that toilet paper is disposed of in a trash can, public restrooms may not always provide a fully hygienic experience. To maintain cleanliness, it's a good idea to carry travel-sized packets of wet wipes or tissues for personal use.

Handwashing: Regardless of the type of toilet you use, it's crucial to wash your hands thoroughly after using the restroom. Public restrooms typically provide soap and sinks for this purpose. Always make it a point to practice proper hand hygiene to prevent the spread of germs.

Toilet Seat Covers: In some public restrooms, you may find disposable toilet seat covers. These can be helpful for maintaining personal hygiene, especially in busy public spaces.

Understanding and respecting Turkish toilet etiquette is key to a positive and respectful experience. Whether disposing of toilet paper in the trash can or navigating the hygiene aspect of public Alafranga Toilets, being prepared and practicing good hygiene can ensure a smooth and comfortable visit to Turkish restrooms.

Turkish Toilets in Istanbul

Istanbul, a bustling megacity that bridges Europe and Asia, offers a diverse range of restroom facilities to cater to its millions of residents and tourists. This section delves into the toilet landscape in Istanbul, showcasing the city's commitment to convenience and its tourist-friendly amenities.

Istanbul's Toilet Facilities: A Megacity's Commitment to Convenience

Istanbul's vast and dynamic urban landscape is home to various types of restroom facilities, ensuring the comfort and convenience of its inhabitants and visitors. Here's a glimpse into the city's diverse toilet landscape:

Public Restrooms: Throughout the city, you'll find public restrooms in parks, squares, and transportation hubs. These facilities are typically well-maintained and accessible to the public. Some may be free, while others require a small fee for use.

Shopping Malls and Restaurants: Istanbul boasts an array of modern shopping malls and restaurants that offer clean and well-appointed restroom facilities for patrons. These facilities often feature Western-style Alafranga Toilets with bidet nozzles for added comfort.


Historical Sites: Many of Istanbul's historical sites, such as the Hagia Sophia and Topkapi Palace, have restroom facilities available to visitors. These restrooms offer the opportunity to experience modern convenience within the context of historical landmarks.

Hotels: Istanbul is home to a wide range of hotels, from budget-friendly to luxury accommodations. The restroom facilities in these establishments are typically well-maintained and provide Western-style toilets, often with bidet nozzles, contributing to a comfortable and hygienic stay.

Street Facilities: While wandering through the city's streets, you may encounter pay-per-use portable toilets. These are convenient options for tourists exploring the city, as they are strategically placed in high-traffic areas.

Boutique Toilets: Tourist-Friendly Restrooms with a Choice

In response to the city's popularity among tourists, Istanbul has introduced the concept of boutique toilets, providing visitors with an interesting choice. These boutique toilets offer an elevated restroom experience, combining comfort with aesthetics:

Comfort and Style: Boutique toilets are designed to offer tourists a unique and upscale restroom experience. They are often decorated with local art, showcasing Turkey's rich cultural heritage.

Choice of Toilets: These facilities typically offer both Alaturka and Alafranga Toilets, giving tourists the option to choose their preferred style. This caters to the diverse cultural backgrounds and preferences of visitors.


Hygiene and Amenities: Boutique toilets prioritize hygiene, cleanliness, and comfort. Visitors can expect well-maintained facilities with modern amenities, such as hand sanitizer, wet wipes, and air conditioning.

Convenient Locations: These boutique toilets are strategically placed in high-traffic tourist areas, making them easily accessible for visitors exploring Istanbul's historic and vibrant neighborhoods.

Istanbul's restroom facilities reflect the city's commitment to offering convenience to its residents and a memorable experience for tourists. Whether you're looking for public restrooms, modern shopping mall facilities, or the unique choice provided by boutique toilets, Istanbul caters to a diverse range of preferences, ensuring a pleasant and comfortable visit for all.

Navigating Gender Signage

Understanding gender signage for restroom facilities is an important aspect of navigating public toilets in Turkey. This section sheds light on deciphering Turkish characters and the meanings behind terms such as "Kadın," "Bayan," "Erkek," and "Bay," which denote gender-specific restrooms.

Deciphering Turkish Characters: Finding Toilets for Men and Women

In Turkey, gender-specific restrooms are typically labeled with Turkish words and characters, which can be initially confusing for international visitors. However, understanding these characteristics is essential for a smooth restroom experience:

"Kadın": This term, written in Turkish as "Kadın Tuvaleti," refers to women's restrooms. It's important to look for this signage if you're a female visitor or if you're assisting someone looking for a women's restroom.

"Bayan": "Bayan Tuvaleti" is another term used to indicate women's restrooms. Both "Kadın" and "Bayan" serve the same purpose, helping female visitors easily locate restrooms.


"Erkek": On the other hand, "Erkek Tuvaleti" denotes men's restrooms. This signage is meant for male visitors or those assisting someone in search of a men's restroom.

"Bay": "Bay Tuvaleti" is an alternative term for men's restrooms, similar to "Erkek." It's worth noting that the choice between "Erkek" and "Bay" can vary depending on the establishment or location.

These gender-specific terms and characters are essential for understanding restroom signage in Turkey and ensuring that you use the facilities that align with your gender. It's crucial to respect and adhere to these gender distinctions, both for convenience and to observe local customs.

Deciphering Turkish characters and gender-specific terms on restroom signage is a valuable skill when navigating public toilets in Turkey. Familiarizing yourself with these terms will help you easily locate and use the appropriate facilities, ensuring a respectful and smooth restroom experience.

Tips for Using Toilets in Istanbul

Here are some essential tips for foreigners using toilets in Istanbul to make your restroom experience more comfortable and culturally sensitive:

Carry Tissues or Wet Wipes: It's a good idea to carry your own tissues or wet wipes, as not all public restrooms provide them. These can come in handy for personal hygiene and cleaning.

Learn the Local Terms: Familiarize yourself with Turkish terms for restrooms. "Kadın" and "Bayan" indicate women's restrooms, while "Erkek" and "Bay" are used for men's restrooms. Understanding these terms will help you find the right facilities.

Follow Local Customs: Respect local customs, such as the practice of disposing of toilet paper in the trash can, not in the toilet. This helps prevent plumbing issues.

Pay Attention to Gender Signage: Look for gender-specific signage on restroom doors to ensure you use the appropriate facilities. These signs will typically be written in Turkish, so knowing the terms for "women" and "men" is important.

Carry Hand Sanitizer: Having hand sanitizer can be useful, especially in public restrooms. While many have sinks and soap, some may not. Keeping your hands clean is important for hygiene.

Check for Toilet Paper: Before entering a restroom, it's a good practice to ensure you have enough toilet paper or tissues with you. Some public restrooms may not provide it.

Mind Your Belongings: Keep your belongings safe and secure when using public restrooms, especially in high-traffic areas. Consider using a bag with a strap to keep your belongings within reach.


Use Boutique Toilets: In busy tourist areas, boutique toilets offer a unique and upscale restroom experience. While they may come at a small cost, they often provide a clean and pleasant environment.

Respect Prayer Times: Some mosque restrooms may be temporarily closed during prayer times. Be aware of the prayer schedule and plan your restroom breaks accordingly.

Practice Patience: Restroom facilities in busy tourist areas can get crowded, especially during peak hours. Be patient and allow extra time for restroom visits.

Hygiene Matters: Remember to wash your hands thoroughly after using the restroom. Proper hand hygiene is crucial for preventing the spread of germs.

By keeping these tips in mind, you can navigate the unique restroom facilities in Istanbul with ease and respect local customs and etiquette. Enjoy your visit to this vibrant city!

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are Turkish toilets?

Turkish toilets are traditional squat toilets commonly found in Turkey. They require users to squat over a hole in the ground to use them.

Are Western-style toilets available in Turkey?

Yes, Western-style toilets are becoming more common, especially in urban areas, hotels, and modern establishments. However, you can still encounter Turkish toilets, particularly in older buildings and public restrooms.

Why are Turkish toilets designed as squat toilets?

Turkish toilets have a long history and are designed as squat toilets for cultural and practical reasons. Squatting is believed to be a more natural and healthier position for the body. Additionally, it minimizes contact with the toilet surface, which is considered more hygienic.

Is it difficult to use a Turkish toilet for someone who's not used to it?

Using a Turkish toilet may be challenging for those not accustomed to squatting. It requires some balance and flexibility. However, with practice, most people can adapt.

Can I find Western-style toilets in tourist areas?

Yes, tourist areas, upscale hotels, and modern facilities often provide Western-style toilets for the convenience of international visitors.

What do I do with toilet paper in Turkish toilets?

In Turkish toilets, it's customary to dispose of used toilet paper in a provided trash can, not in the toilet. This practice helps prevent plumbing issues.

Are there bidets in Turkish toilets?

While bidets are not common in Turkish toilets, you may find them in Western-style restrooms in more upscale establishments. They are becoming more prevalent in modern facilities.

Can I easily find public restrooms in Istanbul?

Istanbul has public restrooms in parks, squares, and transportation hubs. Many museums, historical sites, and restaurants also offer restroom facilities for visitors.

What are boutique toilets in Istanbul?

Boutique toilets in Istanbul are upgraded restroom facilities often found in high-traffic tourist areas. They offer a clean and comfortable experience, sometimes at a small cost.

Are there facilities for people with disabilities in Turkish toilets?

Accessibility for people with disabilities is improving in Turkey, and modern facilities often provide accessible restrooms. However, older buildings and public restrooms may still lack such facilities.

Are mosque toilets open to non-worshippers?

Mosque toilets are generally open to non-worshippers and can be used by tourists. However, it's important to be respectful and follow local customs if requested. For women, you don't need to cover your head to enter.

Is it necessary to tip restroom attendants in Turkey?

Tipping restroom attendants is a common practice in Turkey, especially in places like restaurants or rest stops. It's courteous to offer a small tip as a sign of appreciation for their services.


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