06-03-2021 - History Updated At: 28-07-2023

A Brief History of Galata Tower

Galata Tower, an architectural gem standing tall in Istanbul, proudly overlooks the bustling neighborhoods of "Beyoglu" and "Karakoy" from its strategic location. Its captivating allure, especially when illuminated by colorful lights at night, has made it one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city. A prominent landmark visible from various corners of Istanbul, Galata Tower becomes an inevitable destination for every visitor exploring the city's vibrant avenues like Taksim and Eminönü. Whether for its rich history, unique geometric shape, or its commanding geographical position, Galata Tower consistently finds a place on the must-visit list for tourists in Istanbul. Now, let us journey through time and explore the fascinating history that has shaped Galata Tower into the iconic symbol it is today!

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History of Galata Tower Istanbul

The origins of Galata Tower trace back to the Byzantine era, although the exact date of its construction remains veiled in uncertainty. Historical records suggest that it was likely built during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian around 507 AD. Back then, the Genoese merchants referred to it as "Christian Torres" or the Tower of Christ, while the Byzantines knew it as "Migalus Pyrgos" or the Great Tower. The Galata district, a thriving colony of the Republic of Genoa, flourished as an essential hub of economic and commercial activities in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea during the Genoese era. It was during this time that Galata Tower assumed its distinctive form, becoming an architectural wonder and a symbol of the district's prosperity.


As history progressed, Galata Tower saw a series of transformations. In 1509, a devastating earthquake struck Istanbul, severely damaging the tower. However, it was rebuilt under the supervision of the renowned Ottoman architect "Hayreddin" during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. During the reign of Sultan Murad III between 1546 and 1595, the tower served as a prison for inmates compelled to work in the shipyard.

In the late sixteenth century, an observatory was added to the tower's roof, lending it scientific significance. However, it later reverted to its role as a jail. Before the seventeenth century, the tower briefly served the Mehter division, an Ottoman military unit. Subsequently, due to its elevated position, the tower transformed into a fire observatory in 1717, becoming instrumental in fire prevention efforts in the city.

Despite facing devastation by fire in 1794, the tower was reconstructed once again, this time under the rule of Sultan Selim III. Today, standing tall at 219 feet (66.90 meters), Galata Tower remains a cherished monument, attracting crowds of eager tourists who line up to ascend to its balcony and witness the breathtaking views it offers.

Legends of Istanbul Galata Tower

Galata Tower is not only a historic structure but also a treasury of captivating legends that have woven themselves into the fabric of its long and storied history. As you stand before this majestic tower, let us take you on a journey through some of the most intriguing and romantic tales that surround Galata Tower.

The Legend of the Maiden's Hair

One of the most enchanting legends linked to Galata Tower revolves around a daring love affair between a beautiful princess and a commoner. According to the tale, the princess fell deeply in love with a young man from the Galata district, but their love was forbidden by the rigid social hierarchy of the time. Determined to be together, they devised a secret plan.

Under the cloak of darkness, the princess let down her long, braided hair from the tower's highest window. The young man climbed the tower using lustrous hair as his ladder to reach his beloved. This clandestine rendezvous became a symbol of forbidden love and the unyielding spirit of romance.


The Flight of Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi

Another legendary story associated with Galata Tower recounts the daring attempt of a renowned Ottoman scholar and inventor, Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi, to fly. As a man of intellect and curiosity, Ahmet Çelebi designed a pair of wings inspired by the flight of birds. His ambition was to soar like the creatures he observed in the skies.

In the early 17th century, on a clear morning, Ahmet Çelebi climbed to the top of Galata Tower, donned his homemade wings, and leaped into the air. For a fleeting moment, it seemed as if he defied gravity, gliding gracefully above the city of Istanbul. Although the flight was short-lived, the legend of Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi's audacious endeavor lives on, a testament to the human spirit's relentless pursuit of dreams.

The Tower's Protective Aura

Throughout its long history, Galata Tower has been associated with mystical and protective properties. It is believed that the tower exudes an aura that safeguards the city of Istanbul from harm. During times of conflict and siege, the tower served as a watchful guardian, offering its shield to the inhabitants below.

In popular folklore, it is said that Galata Tower's presence has kept the city resilient against various calamities and misfortunes. This enduring belief has led many to view the tower not merely as a structure of stone and mortar but as a living entity, watching over the city and its people.

The Mysterious Alchemist

Among the tower's enigmatic legends is the story of a mysterious alchemist who resided within its walls during the Ottoman era. Known for his extraordinary knowledge of the mystical arts, he pursued the fabled philosopher's stone—a substance said to possess the ability to transmute base metals into gold and grant immortality.

Rumors whispered of secret experiments and elixirs that could heal the sick and transform lives. The alchemist's reclusive lifestyle and mystical aura only added to the intrigue surrounding him. To this day, tales of the enigmatic alchemist continue to captivate the imaginations of those who hear his name.

As you stand in the shadow of Galata Tower, surrounded by centuries of history and whispered legends, may you feel the echoes of these timeless tales that have shaped its enduring allure. Each legend serves as a thread, weaving a rich tapestry of mystery and romance, adding to the tower's allure as a symbol of Istanbul's past, present, and future.


Location and Opening Hours of Galata Tower 2023

The Galata Tower, as its name suggests, majestically stands in the Galata district of Istanbul, just above Karaköy. From this elevated location, visitors are treated to spectacular vistas that encompass the Istanbul Bridge, which separates the city's Asian and European sections, as well as the Golden Horn Bridge and the historic peninsula. The tower's strategic position has long made it a beacon for travelers, offering a unique perspective on the city's historical and modern landmarks.

Galata Tower welcomes visitors every day, allowing them to explore its captivating history and experience its panoramic views from morning until evening. It is worth noting, however, that lines to ascend the tower can become quite lengthy during peak hours. For those who wish to avoid waiting in queues and experience a more tranquil visit, early mornings or late evenings are recommended.

Galata Tower Opening/Closing Hours 2023

Opening time: 08:30 AM

Closing time: 11:00 PM

Box Office Closing Time: 10:00 PM

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Fun Facts About the Galata Tower

  • Galata Tower, also known as "Christea Turris" or "Megale Pyrgos" in historical records, was likely constructed during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian around 507 AD.
  • The tower's original purpose was as a watchtower and a lighthouse, providing a strategic vantage point over the city and guiding ships into the Golden Horn.
  • It stands at an impressive height of 219 feet (66.90 meters) and offers breathtaking panoramic views of Istanbul's skyline and iconic landmarks.
  • Galata Tower underwent several restorations over the centuries, including after a devastating earthquake in 1509 and a fire in 1794.
  • During the Ottoman era, the tower served as a prison for inmates forced to work in the shipyard and later as an observatory.
  • The tower's architecture showcases a unique cylindrical shape with conical crenellations, reflecting its medieval heritage.
  • Legend has it that a daring love affair between a princess and a commoner inspired the tale of the "Maiden's Hair," where the young man used the princess's long braided hair as a ladder to reach her from the tower's window.
  • Another legendary story is that of Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi, an Ottoman scholar, and inventor who attempted to fly from the tower using self-made wings in the early 17th century.
  • Galata Tower is believed to exude a protective aura, safeguarding Istanbul from harm and bringing good fortune to the city and its inhabitants.
  • The tower has been depicted in various works of art, literature, and films, solidifying its status as an enduring symbol of Istanbul's rich history and cultural heritage.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Galata Tower?

Galata Tower is an iconic medieval tower located in the Galata district of Istanbul, Turkey. It was originally built as a watchtower and a lighthouse during the Byzantine era and has served various purposes throughout its long history.

When was Galata Tower built?

The exact date of Galata Tower's construction is not known, but historical records suggest it was likely built during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian around 507 AD.

What is the height of Galata Tower?

Galata Tower stands at an impressive height of 219 feet (66.90 meters) and offers stunning panoramic views of Istanbul from its observation deck.

What can visitors see from Galata Tower's observation deck?

From the observation deck of Galata Tower, visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of Istanbul's skyline, including the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus Strait, the historic peninsula, and the iconic minarets and domes of the city's mosques.

Is there an elevator in Galata Tower?

Yes, there is an elevator that takes visitors up to seven levels of the tower. However, the final two floors leading to the observation deck are only accessible by stairs.

Are there any legends associated with Galata Tower?

Yes, Galata Tower is steeped in legends. One famous legend tells the story of a daring love affair between a princess and a commoner, where the young man used the princess's long braided hair to climb up the tower and meet her secretly.

What are the opening hours of Galata Tower?

Galata Tower Opening/Closing Hours 2023 Opening time: 08:30 AM Closing time: 11:00 PM Box Office Closing Time: 10:00 PM

Where is Galata Tower located?

Galata Tower is situated in the Galata district of Istanbul, just above Karaköy. It is easily accessible and can be seen from various parts of the city.

What is the historical significance of Galata Tower?

Throughout its history, Galata Tower has served as a watchtower, a lighthouse, a prison, and an observatory. It has been witness to various historical events and is considered an emblem of Istanbul's rich cultural heritage.

Can I use the Istanbul Tourist Pass® to visit Galata Tower?

Yes, the Istanbul Tourist Pass® offers access to over 100 attractions in Istanbul, including a Guided Galata Tower Tour. With the pass, you can enjoy significant savings on entry fees and skip ticket queues for a seamless and enjoyable visit.


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